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Sunday, December 04, 2016   6:06 GMT
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Republican Maverick Calls for Unconditional Talks
Jim Lobe

WASHINGTON, 31 Oct (IPS) - Amid growing contention among Democratic presidential contenders about U.S. policy toward Iran, a senior Republican lawmaker has appealed to President George W. Bush to pursue 'direct, unconditional, and comprehensive talks' with Tehran.

The appeal, which was sent to Bush by Nebraska Sen. Chuck Hagel two weeks ago, noted that Washington's diplomatic efforts to use economic pressure to persuade Iran to freeze its nuclear programme were 'stalling' amid 'growing differences with our international partners' that are likely to continue widening.

'Unless there is a strategic shift,' according to Hagel's letter, which was also sent to other top administration officials, including Pentagon chief Robert Gates and Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, 'I believe we will find ourselves in a dangerous and increasingly isolated position in the coming months.'

'Now is the time for the United States to actively consider when and how to offer direct, unconditional, and comprehensive talks with Iran,' it went on, adding that such a move should be combined with continued efforts with U.S. allies to press Iran through economic sanctions, including a third U.N. Security Council Resolution.

'An approach such as this would strengthen our ability across the board to deal with Iran,' it went on. 'Our friends and allies would be more confident to stand with us if we seek to increase pressure, including tougher sanctions, on Iran. It could create a historic new dynamic in U.S.-Iran relations, in part by forcing the Iranians to react to the possibility of better relations with the West.'

The letter, which was disclosed by Steven Clemons, director of the national strategy programme at the New America Foundation (NAF), on his influential blog,, comes amid increased speculation over the likelihood of a U.S. military attack against Iran some time next year.

Speculation about such an attack -- against either Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) units alleged by Washington to be involved in directing attacks by Tehran-armed Shiite militias against U.S. soldiers and marines in Iraq or Iran's suspected nuclear facilities, or both -- has escalated sharply since Bush himself raised the threat of a 'World War III' if Iran obtains even the knowledge needed to produce a nuclear weapon during a press conference two weeks ago.

Several days later, Vice President Dick Cheney, in a speech to a hawkish pro-Israel think tank, the Washington Institute for Near Policy, warned Tehran of 'serious consequences' if it did not freeze its nuclear programme and accused it of 'direct involvement in the killings of Americans.'

'We will not allow Iran to have a nuclear weapon,' he declared to applause in what several informed observers characterised as a clear escalation from previous administration officials that an Iranian nuclear weapon was 'unacceptable'.

In addition to the harsher rhetoric, Congressional analysts noticed the insertion of an 88-million-dollar request in the 200-billion-dollar 2007supplemental defense bill to modify B-2 'Stealth' bombers so that they can drop a 'Massive Ordnance Penetrator, a conventional 'bunker-busting' bomb designed to destroy targets that buried are deep underground in response to 'an urgent operational need from theater commanders'.

The only logical target for such a weapon in the current geo-strategic climate, according to most defence analysts, would be Iran's suspected nuclear sites.

All of these moves, as well as the administration's issuance last week of new regulations that gave it the authority to impose sweeping financial sanctions against foreign companies and banks doing business with the IRGC, which itself owns a large economic empire in Iran, have propelled Iran to the centre of the 2008 presidential race.

While the major Republican candidates, including front-runner Rudi Giuliani, former Gov. Mitt Romney, and Sen. John McCain, have been at least as hawkish as the administration on Iran -- indeed Giuliani's foreign policy team is dominated by neo-conservatives who have openly called for attacking Iran if it does not freeze its nuclear programme, Democrats have appeared somewhat more divided.

Frontrunner Sen. Hillary Rodham Clinton has been the most hawkish to date. Of the four serving senators in the Democratic race, she was the only one who voted earlier this month for a resolution co-sponsored by the two honorary co-chairs of the neo-conservative Committee on the Present Danger, Sens. Joseph Lieberman and John Kyl, that urged Bush to list the IGRC as a 'terrorist' organisation. The resolution passed 76-22, with Democrats roughly evenly split on the measure.

The other Democratic candidates have assailed her vote, claiming that it could be used by the administration to justify a cross-border attack on IRGC bases that could precipitate a larger conflict.

Since the vote, Clinton has repeatedly tried to reassure voters that her vote should not be construed as justifying war with Iran, going so far as to co-sponsor another bill that would require Bush to seek Congressional approval before taking major military action against Tehran.

At the same time, most of the Democratic candidates, including Clinton, have repeatedly stressed their support for diplomatic engagement with Iran beyond the very narrowly focused dialogue carried out -- and never formally terminated -- between Washington's and Tehran's ambassadors in Baghdad last summer on stabilising Iraq.

Hagel, who has been very critical both of the Bush administration's performance in Iraq and the threats and bellicose rhetoric it has used against Iran, is the first nationally prominent Republican senator to call for unconditional talks with Tehran on an entire range of issues, including its nuclear programme, an issue on which the administration has ruled out any talks unless and until Tehran freezes its uranium-enrichment programme.

A decorated Vietnam veteran who, until last spring, was himself considered a credible presidential candidate, Hagel has been a favourite of the 'realist' foreign policy establishment that believes the Iraq invasion was a major strategic blunder and that strongly opposes the neo-conservative and other hawks, who, within the administration, are led by Cheney's office.

While he has been far more outspoken than his Republican colleagues, his views are believed to reflect those of a number of other senior party lawmakers, including the top Republicans on the Senate Foreign Relations and Armed Services Committees, Dick Lugar and John Warner, respectively. Lugar and Warner were the only Republicans present to vote against the Lieberman-Kyl resolution that was supported by Clinton.

His views are also believed to reflect those of Gates and most of the Pentagon's top brass, even including the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. Michael Mullen. According to Clemons, the chief of the U.S. Central Command, the top military commander in the Middle East/Gulf region, Adm. William Fallon, also sent Hagel a letter of appreciation after receiving a copy of the senator's letter.

While Hagel has announced he will retire from politics at the end of his term, he is due to deliver a major policy address -- most likely an elaboration on his letter -- at one of Washington's most influential national security think tanks, the Centre for Strategic and International Studies, next week.

In the letter, Hagel argued that the administration was unlikely to be able to maintain international support for U.S. policy in major part because of 'concerns (among U.S. allies and partners) that the United States' actual objective is regime change in Iran, not a change in Iran's behaviour.'

'If this continues, our ability to sustain a united international front will weaken as countries grow uncertain over our motives and unwilling to risk open confrontation with Iran, and we are left with fewer and fewer policy options,' he wrote.



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